Butterflies and Associated Larval Food Plants

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Common Name
Scientific Name

Larval Food Plants (in order of preference)

Gulf Fritillary
Agraulis vanillae

Gulf_Frittillary_07-04-08

Maypop (Passiflora incarnata)
Tagua Passionflower (Passiflora foetida) *
Yellow Passionflower (Passiflora lutea)
Blue Passionflower [much used where available] (Passiflora caerulea) *

Red-Spotted Purple
Basilarchia astyanax

Red_Spotted_Purple_09-10-08

Black Poplar (Populus nigra)
White Poplar (Populus alba)
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
Swamp Cottonwood (Populus heterophylla)
American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)
Eastern Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
Common Chokecherry (Prunus virgniana)
Apple (Malus pumila) *
Common Pear (Pyrus communis) *
American Basswood (Tilia americana)
Common Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum)

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor

Pipevine_Swallowtail_04-22-08

Pipevine (Aristolochia spp.)

Monarch
Danaus plexippus

Monarch_08-16-07

Green Milkweed (Asclepias viridis)
Most other Milkweeds (Asclepias spp.)
Butterflyweed [rarely used] (Asclepias tuberosa)

Silver-Spotted Skipper
Epargyreus clarus

Skipper_07-29-06

Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
Clammy Locust (Robinia viscosa)
Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
Bristly Locust (Robinia hispida)
False Indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
Ground Nut (Apios americana)
Hog Peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata)
Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) **
Wisteria (Wisteria macrostachya)
Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) *
Garden Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Thicket Bean (Phaseolus polystachios)
Round-headed Bush Clover (Lespedeza capitata)
Wild Pea (Lathyrus palustris)
Almost all Tick-clovers (Desmodium spp.)

Zebra Swallowtail
Eurytides marcellus

Zebra_Swallowtail_05-29-03

Common Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
Dwarf Pawpaw (Asimina parviflora)

Buckeye
Junonia coenia

Buckeye_09-07-05

Agalinis [almost all species] (Agalinis spp.)
Castilleja [almost all species] (Castilleja spp.)
Linaria [almost all species] (Linaria spp.)
Plantago [almost all species] (Plantago spp.)
Phyla [almost all species] (Phyla spp.)

Pearly Crescentspot
Phyciodes tharos

Pearly_Crescentspot_06-15-03

Heath Aster (Aster ericoides)
Tall Aster (Aster prealtus)
New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
Many other Asters (Aster spp.)

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis

Question_Mark_07-18-05_01

American Elm (Ulmus americana)
Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassifolia)
Siberian Elm (Ulmus pumila) *
Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)
Winged Elm (Ulmus alata)
Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata)
False-nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
Tall Wild Nettle (Urtica gracilis)

Tiger Swallowtail
Pterourus glaucus

tiger_swallowtail_08-12-05_02

Carolina Ash (Fraxinus caroliniana)
Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
White Ash (Fraxinus americana)
Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
Common Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
Common Peach (Prunus persica) *
Apple (Malus pumila) *
Common Catalpa (Catalpa bignoniodes)
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
Styrax (Styrax americana)
Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Sweet Bay (Magnolia virginiana)
Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) *
Hop-tree (Ptelea trifoliata)
Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Spicebush Swallowtail
Pterourus troilus

Spicebush_Swallowtail_04-18-06

Red Bay (Persea borbonia)
Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Sweet Bay (Magnolia virginiana)
Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Red Admiral
Vanessa atalanta

Red_Admiral_08-12-05_01

Burning Nettle (Urtica urens)
Low Spring Nettle (Urtica chamaedryoides)
Tall Wild Nettle (Urtica dioica)
False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
Hammerwort (Parietaria pensylvanica)
Pellitory (Parietaria floridana)

American Painted Lady
Vanessa virginiensis

Painted_Lady_08-03-05

Fragrant Cudweed (Gnaphalium obtusifolium)
Purple Cudweed (Gnaphalium purpureum)
Bighead Evax (Evax prolifera)
Many-stem Evax (Evax verna)
Pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii)

* Not native to Georgia, but can be grown as a landscape plant or ornamental.
** Non-native considered invasive, not recommended.





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